The 96-year-old monarch died Thursday afternoon at Balmoral Castle just a few months after celebrating her Platinum Jubilee, which marked her seven decades on the throne. Her son Charles, the new king, and his wife Camilla will remain in Scotland until tomorrow.
Before her death, Elizabeth I broke a series of records thanks to the longevity so typical of the Windsors. On December 21, 2007, Her Majesty overtook her great-great-grandmother Victoria as the longest-serving British monarch, and on September 9, 2015, she became the longest-serving British monarch and also the longest-serving female head of state. world. After the death of King Bhumibol of Thailand in October 2016, she became the longest living monarch and head of state – male or female. In February 2017 she also marked a very special moment as she was the first British King or Queen to commemorate a Sapphire Jubilee.
In 1934, the queen met her late husband – who was then known as Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark – and five years later they began an epistolary relationship. She was 21 years old when her engagement was announced in July 1947 and they married just four months later, on November 20, 1947, at which time her husband received the title of Duke of Edinburgh.
As newlyweds, they settled in Windlesham Moore, near Windsor Castle, before moving to Clarence House, London, in July 1949, although they spent long periods living in Malta, where Philip was stationed with the Royal Navy.
The couple’s first child, Prince Charles, was born in November 1948, and in August 1950 they welcomed their only daughter, Princess Anne. Their youngest children, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward, came into the world in 1959 and 1963, and those were the only times during his entire reign that he did not celebrate the State Opening of Parliament.
Elizabeth was 25 years old when she was named queen of seven Commonwealth countries – the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon – and head of the Commonwealth after the death of her father George VI. The king had been ill for a long time, so the succession process was prepared when she undertook an official tour from October 1951. Elizabeth and Philip were in Kenya, a stop before heading to Australia and New Zealand, when they He heard the news that his father had died on February 6.
The couple quickly flew back to the UK and the new queen opted to keep the Elizabeth name. That moment is collected in the series ‘The Crown’, in which Claire Foy, in the role of the sovereign, affirms that she does not see any point in “complicating things” by choosing a different one.
The coronation did not take place until June 2, 1953 – two months after the death of his grandmother, Queen Mary – and was the first in history to be broadcast on television. Among the most complicated moments that she had to face after taking the throne, which often appear in the popular Netflix series, is the independence process of more than 20 countries in Africa and the Caribbean in the 60s and 70s.
He has also faced several scares and even attempts on his life. In 1981, during the traditional Trooping the Color parade, a former cadet named Marcus Sarjeant shot her six times with blank bullets, and displaying her legendary stoicism, she calmed her horse and moved on as soon as it was confirmed that she was unharmed. . A few months later a teenager opened fire on her from the fifth-floor bathroom of a New Zealand building, but missed.